In-Depth Insights into Settlements & Trusts

Settlements and Trusts serve as powerful tools in estate planning, asset protection, and tax management. Their popularity continues to rise as individuals seek efficient ways to secure their wealth and pass it on to future generations. To embark on this journey, it’s crucial to grasp the fundamentals.

What Are Settlements and Trusts?

At its core, a Trust is a legal arrangement where assets are settled or held by one party for the benefit of another. This structure involves a Settlor, Trustees, and Beneficiaries. The Settlor transfers assets to the Trustees, who manage them in accordance with the Trust deed for the benefit of the Beneficiaries.
Understanding the elements that constitute a Settlement is essential. The Deed, Beneficiaries, and Trustees play pivotal roles in shaping the dynamics of the arrangement.

Types of Settlements

While there are various types of Trusts and Settlements the most obvious distinction is between Inter Vivos Settlements and Will Trusts. The terms Settlement and Trust are used interchangeable and broadly speaking refer to the same legal arrangement.

a. Inter Vivos Settlements
These are Settlements established during the settler’s lifetime. They offer flexibility and can be a powerful tool for tax planning. Seeking professional guidance for the legal and tax aspects is essential in crafting a robust Settlement Deed and will enhance compliance and clarity for all concerned. Settlements should, if drafted properly, take a forward-looking perspective considering the long-term goals of the Settlor ensuring the settlement is resilient and immune to challenge and capable of fulfilling its aims of providing a long-lasting financial legacy for the beneficiaries.

b. Will Trusts
Contrastingly, Will Trusts come into effect upon the Settlor's death, providing a structured way to distribute assets. In order for the Will to be valid, the Testator must comply with the requirement stipulated in the Succession Act, 1965 for making a valid Testamentary Disposition.

Will Trusts vs. Inter Vivos Trusts

Deciding between a Wills Trust and Inter Vivos Trust requires careful examination of an individual’s specific circumstances, preferences, and long-term goals.

Factors to Consider:

  • Timing of Wealth Transfer: If immediate management and distribution are crucial, Inter Vivos Trust may be more suitable.
  • Privacy Concerns: Inter Vivos Trusts offer a level of confidentiality that testamentary Trusts, undergoing probate, might not provide.
  • Flexibility in Asset Management: Testamentary Trusts can depending on how they are created allow for flexibility in adjusting the distribution plan over time, catering to evolving family dynamics.

The Trustee’s Responsibilities

Trustees are entrusted with a fiduciary duty to manage assets prudently, in accordance with the terms under which they have been created. The Trustees may have obligations to file returns and other reporting requirements, ensuring accurate and timely reporting is a cornerstone of maintaining the Trust’s legality.

Creating a Settlement or Trust

Establishing a Settlement or Trust involves seeking professional advice and carefully drafting legal documentation to reflect the wishes of the Settlor and ensure that they will fulfill their purpose and be compliant with the relevant legislation.

The Trust deed is the foundational document that outlines the terms and conditions of the Settlement. A well-drafted deed is crucial for clarity and enforceability. Transferring assets to the Trust requires precision and consideration of long-term implications. From financial instruments to real estate, the selection of assets significantly impacts the trust’s stability and effectiveness.

Benefits of Settlements and Trusts

The advantages of Settlements and Trusts extend beyond mere financial management, encompassing asset protection, estate planning, and privacy.
(a) Asset Protection
Shielding your wealth from potential risks ensures its preservation for future generations.
(b) Estate Planning Advantages
Settlements and Trusts provide a structured approach to passing on your assets, mitigating the challenges of inheritance.
(c) Privacy and Confidentiality
Maintaining anonymity regarding your financial affairs is an inherent benefit of Settlements and Trusts.
(d) Avoiding Probate
By by passing the probate process, Settlements and Trusts can streamline the inheritance process and reduce associated costs.

Potential Pitfalls

While Settlements and trusts offer numerous benefits, they are not immune to their own challenges.
(a) Legal Challenges
Anticipating and addressing disputes among Beneficiaries or legal challenges is essential for the stability of the Trust. The Trustees must address any legal challenges brought against the trust and see them out to their conclusion, whatever it may be.
(b) Tax Pitfalls
Common mistakes in tax planning can lead to unintended consequences, emphasizing the importance of obtaining professional advice at the outset, prior to the creation of the Trust Deed.
(c) Regime or Legislative Change
The basis on which and the benefits from creating a Trust at today’s date are subject to the laws of the land at that particular time. Trusts should be reviewed on a regular basis and amendments considered and made in advance of any potential legislative changes.


Settlements and Trusts are powerful instruments that, when utilized effectively, can shape a secure and efficient financial legacy for their Beneficiaries. By having an understanding of the basics, types, legal frameworks, and potential pitfalls, individuals can empower themselves to make informed decisions and assist towards ensuring preservation and distribution of their wealth for future generations.

For more information, read Settlements & Trusts: An Overview. We encourage you to consult directly with our expert team for specific legal advice tailored to your unique situation.